Sesame is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called Benne.
It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated in several countries - Tanzania, Myanmar, India, Sudan and Ethiopia.
The sesame edible seeds grow in pods or "buns" and are the raw material of Tahini and Halva.
Sesame seed is one of the oldest oilseed crops known.
Sesame seed and its high quality nutritional value are known for more than 5000 years. The sesame is mentioned in many medical writings: Egyptian medical writings
(1552 bc), Hippocrates (400 bc), and Chinese medical books (300 bc).
5 facts that make the sesame so healthy for you:
1. A great source for plant base protein
2 spoons of Tahini provide 6.5 gr. Protein. 2 spoons of white cheese, for example, provide only 2.9 gr. Protein.
In order to get a complete protein, it is recommended to eat it with legumes.
2. Rich in Tryptophan – soothing and satiety
The Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that the human body doesn't produce by itself – we have to obtain it from food. Tryptophan is used as a raw material in the production of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin affects appetite and mood and creates a sense of satiety and soothing. A lack of
serotonin can cause moods, depression, and a feeling of hunger.
3. Rich in Lignans - Special protective dietary fiber
Sesame seeds are rich in Lignans, which are important antioxidant that play a
critical role in protection against several hormone related diseases. Many
clinical studies suggest that Lignans have many properties that benefit our
health: relieve pain and help to calm the nervous system.
4. Reduces bad cholesterol levels
Phytosterols are natural cholesterol-lowering nutrients found in sesame. How
does It Works? Phytosterols help reduce the absorption of bad cholesterol,
LDL. They compete with the bad cholesterol for the intestinal absorption sites
thanks to the fact that the structure of the phytosterols is similar to the
structure of the cholesterol. This competition leads to a decrease in
cholesterol absorption, and subsequently to a decrease in blood levels.
Consumption of phytosterols naturally from seeds and vegetable oils will
significantly reduce cholesterol absorption and cholesterol levels in the blood.
5. Improves heart health
Sesame seeds contain vegetable fats belonging to the best fats group, rich in
monounsaturated fatty acids. The most abundant fatty acid in sesame seed is